Opening Remarks by Dr. Tarek A.Sherif: Third Meeting of the Steering Committee of the AU-EU-RECSA Project on the fight against the Illicit Accumulation and Trafficking of Firearms in Africa – Phase II
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- Date : 2017-02-13 07:51:41 GMT
The AU DDR Resource and Research Centre serves as the focal point for public information on the DDR activities of the AU, RECs, RMs and Member States and the main public resource facility for disseminating information about the AU DDR activities to all its users. The centre not only on fostering its partnerships with the African Centres of Excellence but on creating electronic mediums of communication and learning including the development of an interactive website and a roster of African DDR experts.
The AU aspires to become a dynamic DDR information Centre serving AU staff as well as members of the public, government agencies, NGOs, diplomatic missions, the media, private sector, as well as scholars and students from universities, research institutions, and schools. The AU Resource and Research Centre will also network and attempt to harmonize the trainings and use of best practices in the African Centers of Excellence based in each of the RECs.
Pursuant to the requests made to the DDR Capacity Program, the AU has been assisting countries such as South Sudan, CAR, Comoros, Libya and Sudan. See below these countries profile :
The Central African Republic is at a critical juncture in its peace consolidation process. Government support, as well as willingness of the military groups to be disarmed, means that DDR remains a high priority for CAR.
The federal government designed the post-2008 DDR process formulating the national DDR strategy and establishing the National Program of Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (PNDDR) as part of the national reconciliation process. The aim of the DDR program was to collect weapons from ex-FGA rebels, as well as to collect unregistered weapons circulating among the general population; to demobilize ex-FGA and/or ensure their integration into national security forces; to reintegrate demobilized ex-FGA, as well as their spouses, into civilian life; and to provide reparations to victims of ex-FGA.
In 2012, the Government of Libya established the Warriors Affairs Commission (WAC) has a central national coordinating body responsible for reintegrating militias into society via rehabilitation, training, education, human resource development, and capacity building (WAC, 2013). In December 2012, the government of Libya committed LD 500,000,000 to WAC, to assist 5,000 former fighters to establish their own enterprises (Grant, 2012). In early 2013, prior to the election of Prime Minister Zeidan, the government allocated WAC a total of US $ 8 billion in funding. However, it is alleged that WAC received only US$ 1.8 billion of the funds. In summary, although DDR remains a high priority for the Government of Libya to tackle, progress has been generally slow.
In the Somali National Security and Stabilization Program, several responsibilities are assigned to AMISOM in the areas of DDR including managing initial reception centers for disengaged combatants and handling them over to the Somali Government authorities, AMISOM forces are receiving disengaged combatants and dependents that either voluntarily disengage or are captured in the course of combat. As the initial custodial authority, AMISOM recognizes its obligation to treat disengaged combatants and their dependents in a humane manner according to the Common article 3 of the Geneva Convention and Additional Protocol II for Non-international Armed Conflict.
DDR in Sudan is the largest, the most expensive DDR process ever attempted. In Southern Sudan, the current design is to demobilize 90,000 men and women from the SPLA. The process will provide the DDR participants with intensive professional support to help them reintegrate fully into their communities.'); ?>
The Sudan DDR/CSAC program in the Sudan is a nationally owned programme. Headed by the Minister of Presidential Affairs, the National DDR Coordination Council (NDDRCC) was established to oversee the DDR process at the highest policy level. Formation of the Sudan DDR Commission (SDDRC) followed to lead the design and implementation of DDR within their geographic areas of responsibility. The SDDRC operates throughout the country with implementation carried out by state offices in coordination with the SDDRC headquarters in Khartoum.
H.E Moussa Faki Mahamat, Chairperson of the African Union Commission (AUC), accompanied by Ambassador Smail Chergui, Commissioner for Peace and Security and Ambassador Minata Samate Cessouma, Commissioner for Political Affairs, travelled to Nairobi, Kenya, to attend the Special Summit of IGAD on Somali Refugees, on 25 March 2017 and then to Juba, South Sudan, on 26 and 27 March 2017....